Mosquitoes are a type of fly similar to a housefly. Like all flies, they only have two wings (one pair), and their mouth, which is called a proboscis, is modified to suck up food rather than chew it. Like all insects, they have an exoskeleton made of chitin instead of bones and three main body segments. They have a head where their sensory receptors used in sight and smell are located, a thorax that contains muscles (flight muscles) that they use to move around, and an abdomen where they digest food.
- Mosquitoes like all insects have three (3) body parts: head, thorax, and abdomen.
- All insects have three sets of legs (6).
- Insects can have one or two sets of wings depending on the species.
- Mosquitoes belong to the order Diptera (“Di = two; hence two wings).
- Most insects have a hard chitonous exoskeleton (no bones).
- Insects do not have lungs. They instead breathe through spiricles (openings into the thoracic or abdominal cavities).
- Mosquitoes begin their life in the water as a larva.
Click here to learn more about the mosquito lifecycle and habitat